Many studies have touted the positive effects of oxytocin, it can help couples increase through the integration of people and trust between people and arouse more altruistic behavior. These studies found that oxytocin won the "love hormone" in the world. But recent studies have shown that oxytocin also has its dark side: it will increase human aggression, risk-taking behaviour and prejudices. For these lots of the latest analysis shows that oxytocin to brain and behavior and in fact is very similar to another substance: alcohol. Oxytocin may shows us new ways to treat alcohol addiction.
Yien·miqieer, a psychologist at the University of Birmingham, England (Ian Mitchell) and his research staff through the meta-analysis revealed the oxytocin and alcohol increase trust, generosity and altruism, while also reducing the fear, anxiety and stress. But they also increase the aggressive, risk-taking behavior, bias and the circle--at the cost of ignoring dissent under preferences and people like us. These results are based on their published in the August issue of Neurology and Biobehavioral review (Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews) on the article.
Scientists have assumed that these similarities there may very well be because of oxytocin and alcohol on the same chemical pathways in the brain at different sites. Oxytocin stimulates release of the neurotransmitter GABA, which can lead to neural activity. Ethanol with GABA receptors and enhances GABA activity. Oxytocin and the effects of alcohol have reduced brain activity, which may explain why they may reduce the brain behavior and emotional inhibition.By showing that, from the nasal cavity into the oxytocin can reduce alcohol craving for alcohol and reduce alcohol abuse symptoms, clinical trials further reveals the interactions between the two. These discoveries sparked a new study, published in March in the United States National Academy of Sciences (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA). The research suggests that oxytocin and alcohol in addition to participating in the same neural pathways, physical interaction is possible between them. Oxytocin the researchers found alcohol and by blocking GABA receptors subunits of the previous combination, you can prevent movement disorder in the mice drink. Mitchell speculated that this interaction specificity in regulation movement in the areas of the brain, thereby eliminating the risk of alcohol-related movement disorders, but the alcohol will affect social and emotional activity.
These findings suggest that the result of oxytocin drunk effects may prevent people really drunk, or at least to make alcohol less attractive. This also explains why social support from a biological perspective is very effective for helping people quit. Researchers are looking for is in the near future, the similarity between these two chemicals will enable scientists to improve the oxytocin treatment for alcoholics.